From a user study to a valid claim: how to test your hypothesis and avoid common pitfalls

EuroVis Workshop on Reproducibility, Verification, and Validation in Visualization (EuroRV3), page 25--28 - jun 2017
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The evaluation of visualization methods or designs often relies on user studies. Apart from the difficulties involved in the design of the study itself, the existing mechanisms to obtain sound conclusions are often unclear. In this work, we review and summarize some of the common statistical techniques that can be used to validate a claim in the scenarios that are commonly present in user studies in visualization, i.e., hypothesis testing. Usually, the number of participants is small and the mean and variance of the distribution are not known. Therefore, we will focus on the techniques that are adequate within these limitations. Our aim for this paper is to clarify the goals and limitations of hypothesis testing from a user study perspective, that can be interesting for the visualization community. We provide an overview of the most common mistakes made when testing a hypothesis that can lead to erroneous claims. We also present strategies to avoid those.

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BibTex references

@InProceedings { DEV17,
  author       = "de Hoon, Niels and Eisemann, Elmar and Vilanova, Anna",
  title        = "From a user study to a valid claim: how to test your hypothesis and avoid common pitfalls",
  booktitle    = "EuroVis Workshop on Reproducibility, Verification, and Validation in Visualization (EuroRV3)",
  series       = "EuroVis Workshop on Reproducibility, Verification, and Validation in Visualization (EuroRV3)",
  pages        = "25--28",
  month        = "jun",
  year         = "2017",
  editor       = "Kai Lawonn and Noeska Smit and Douglas Cunningham",
  publisher    = "The Eurographics Association",
  organization = "Eurographics",
  url          = "http://graphics.tudelft.nl/Publications-new/2017/DEV17"
}

Other publications in the database

» Niels de Hoon
» Elmar Eisemann
» Anna Vilanova






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