VarVis: Visualizing Anatomical Variation in Branching Structures

Noeska Natasja Smit, Anne C. Kraima, Daniel Jansma, Marco C. Deruiter, Elmar Eisemann, Anna Vilanova
EuroVis - Short Papers - 2016
Download the publication : NoeskaSmitVarVis.pdf [799Ko]  
Anatomical variations are naturally-occurring deviations from typical human anatomy. While these variations are considered normal and non-pathological, they are still of interest in clinical practice for medical specialists such as radiologists and transplantation surgeons. The complex variations in branching structures, for instance in arteries or nerves, are currently visualized side-by-side in illustrations or expressed using plain text in medical publications.

In this work, we present a novel way of visualizing anatomical variations in complex branching structures for educational purposes: VarVis. VarVis consists of several linked views that reveal global and local similarities and differences in the variations. We propose a novel graph representation to provide an overview of the topological changes. Our solution involves a topological similarity measure, which allows the user to select variations at a global level based on their degree of similarity. After a selection is made, local topological differences can be interactively explored using illustrations and topology graphs. We also incorporate additional information regarding the probability of the various cases. Our solution has several advantages over traditional approaches, which we demonstrate in an evaluation.

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BibTex references

@InProceedings { SKJDEV16,
  author       = "Smit, Noeska Natasja and Kraima, Anne C. and Jansma, Daniel and Deruiter, Marco C. and Eisemann, Elmar and
                  Vilanova, Anna",
  title        = "VarVis: Visualizing Anatomical Variation in Branching Structures",
  booktitle    = "EuroVis - Short Papers",
  year         = "2016",
  url          = ""

Other publications in the database

» Noeska Natasja Smit
» Anne C. Kraima
» Daniel Jansma
» Marco C. Deruiter
» Elmar Eisemann
» Anna Vilanova