Declarative terrain modeling for military training games

Ruben M. Smelik, Tim Tutenel, Klaas Jan de Kraker, Rafael Bidarra
International Journal of Computer Games Technology, Volume 2010, Number ID 360458, page ID 360458 - 2010
Download the publication : STDB10c.pdf [2Mo]  
Military training instructors increasingly often employ computer games to train soldiers in all sorts of skills and tactics. One of the difficulties instructors face when using games as a training tool is the creation of suitable content, including scenarios, entities and corresponding terrain models. Terrain plays a key role in many military training games, as for example in our case game Tactical Air Defense. However, current manual terrain editors are both too complex and too time-consuming to be useful for instructors; automatic terrain generation methods show a lot of potential, but still lack user control and intuitive editing capabilities. We present a novel way for instructors to model terrain for their training games: instead of constructing a terrain model using complex modeling tools, instructors can declare the required properties of their terrain using an advanced sketching interface. Our framework integrates terrain generation methods and manages dependencies between terrain features in order to automatically create a complete 3D terrain model that matches the sketch. With our framework, instructors can easily design a large variety of terrain models that meet their training requirements.

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BibTex references

@Article { STDB10c,
  author       = "Smelik, Ruben M. and Tutenel, Tim and Kraker, Klaas Jan de  and Bidarra, Rafael",
  title        = "Declarative terrain modeling for military training games",
  journal      = "International Journal of Computer Games Technology",
  number       = "ID 360458",
  volume       = "2010",
  pages        = "ID 360458",
  year         = "2010",
  note         = "doi: 10.1155/2010/360458
  url          = ""

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» Ruben M. Smelik
» Tim Tutenel
» Klaas Jan de Kraker
» Rafael Bidarra